Standing alongside Turkey’s ‘Great Mountain’ (Mount Uludag), the city of Bursa may offer a rather modern appearance, but was actually the 14th-century capital of the historic Ottoman Empire. Therefore, for many locals, Bursa really does serve as the origin of Turkish culture and remains a city with an extremely important past, which dates back more than 2,200 years.
Green Bursa and Mount Uludag
Bursa is a large city in northwest Turkey, lying in the foothills of roughly 2,500m-high Mount Uludag near the Sea of Marmara. The city is known for its mosques and historical sites from the early Ottoman Empire. It’s nicknamed “Yesil Bursa” (Green Bursa), owing to its many parks and trees, as well as its dramatic mountain backdrop. The 14th-century Ulu Cami (Great Mosque) features Seljuk-style arches and 20 domes.
Known as “Green Bursa“, the city is filled with gardens and parks and overlooks a verdant plain. It is situated at the centre of an important fruit-growing region. Bursa was, and still is, famous for its peaches, silk, towels and thermal springs.
Being one of the four main largest cities in Turkey, Bursa is located in the southeast of Marmara Sea, the northwest of famous Uludag’s piedmonts (mountain foot). It is surrogated by Marmara Sea and Yalova in the north, Kocaeli and Sakarya in the northeast, Bilecik in the east, Kutahya and Balikesir in the south.
As the First Capital City of Ottoman Empire, Green Bursa Attracts Many People With Its Magnificent Historical Sites. Bursa attracts attention not only for its cultural heritage but also for its outstanding natural beauty and historical landmarks. Bursa is home to many Islamic, Christian and Jewish monuments within the province of Bursa; Iznik is the most important of the eight Christian pilgrimage sites in the whole of Turkey.
The history of Bursa Province was based on B.C between 5000-3500 years, the Chalcolithic Period. It has received many different communities such as Phoenicians, Lydians, Romans and Ottomans. According to ancient sources, the city was found by Emperor Prusias I of Bithynia. He gave that glorious city his name ‘’Prusa (todays Bursa in Turkish)’’. Today, as a result of archaeological excavations, it was turned out the women marble sculpture and ostotek.
When it is look at the Byzantine (Rome) Era, it is especially seen that the period of Byzantine Emperor Justinianus (527-565), new fascinating public baths named Cekirge Baths were built. Also the relics of many mosaics, chapels and monasteries were made within that time. Those empires contributed it with their cultural and artistic values but after the Ottoman time that magnificent city was more advanced and its importance increased.
After The Ottomans
After the conquest by Ottoman Empire Orhan Gazi in 6 April 1326, it was a capital until 1365. Then, it continued as a symbolically capital with its funeral ceremonies of Sultans and the other significant celebrations.
Except for those features, the name of Prusa was changed as Bursa in that time. Also called as Green and Paradise Bursa thanks to its deep greenery, the dreamy city opened its doors to the heaven within that time; many kinds of social complexes, mosques, Turkish baths, hospices, hospitals (darussifa in Ottoman Turkish), madrasahs, caravansaries, inns, mausoleums and palaces were established here. Moreover, the gardens, picnic areas were furnished with fascinating flowers in order to reflect the glory and natural wealth of Bursa within that time.
Therefore, both with its natural beauty and unique architectures, Bursa has enchanted the people since ancient periods. Even though it lost the importance by the time of progress, Bursa was revived with the contribution of the Republic of Turkey.
Bursa, the historic town where the Ottoman Empire was born… Decorated with numerous mosques, hans, hamams and tombs, the enchanting inner-city is itself a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Whether you’re a history buff, a gourmand, a winter sports fan, or a spa-lover, you will leave Bursa with cherished memories.
The Birth of the Ottoman Empire
Visit Bursa, the 1st capital of the Ottoman Empire and the 4th largest city in Turkey.Often referred to as “Green Bursa” for its many parks and surrounding forest, you will visit mosques, bazaars and the famous Silk Market.
Things to Do in Bursa
Bursa is the home of outstanding natural beauty, which is complemented by its vast historical background. Bursa has a lot to brag about particularly as this province was the first Ottoman capital, and as such is endowed with an array of monuments, mosques, tombs, baths, etc. One would expect Bursa to offer something other than the norm due to the number of visitors that it attracts, therefore it is difficult to offer a top list of attractions with so many to choose from, however our list would be as follows;