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RIVOS TOUR & TRAVEL AGENCY - ISTANBUL / TURKEY

Diyarbakir, which was founded near the shores of the Tigris River on a basalt high plateau, which descends with sharp slopes to the shores of this river, at an elevation of 650 meters above sea level, has two sections, the old city and the new city. The old city is within the Diyarbakir which extend for 5 kilometers . The new city outside the city walls has a contemporary appear- ance with its modern buildings. Diyarbakir City Walls, which are the second longest city walls after the Great Wall of China, were first constructed by the Roman Emperor Constantius.

Information About Diyarbakir - Discover Diyarbakir With Us

Planning to visit Diyarbakir? Check out our Diyarbakır Travel Guide and see top most Tourist Attractions in Diyarbakır. Discover Diyarbakir With Us.

Diyarbakir, which was founded near the shores of the Tigris River on a basalt high plateau, which descends with sharp slopes to the shores of this river, at an elevation of 650 meters above sea level, has two sections, the old city and the new city. The old city is within the Diyarbakir city walls which extend for 5 kilometers. The new city outside the city walls has a contemporary appear- ance with its modern buildings. Diyarbakir City Walls, which are the second longest city walls after the Great Wall of China, were first constructed by the Roman Emperor Constantius.

The city walls were expanded during the Seljuk and Ottoman Periods and 82 towers were added to the city walls. The Evli Beden Tower, constructed during the Artukogullari period, is one of the highest towers of the city walls. The inscription and the reliefs on it are worth seeing. The Goat Tower, to the east of the Mardin Gate, is the largest and the oldest tower of the Diyarbakir city walls. The bird’s eye view from here of the rice and watermelon fields located on the shores of the Tigris River is very beautiful.

The Grand Mosque is the oldest and largest mosque in the city. It was initially the Saint Thomas Church and was later converted to a mosque. The Safa Mosque, which is among the most beautiful mosques in the city, was built by the Akkoyunlular in 1532. The minaret of the mosque, which is decorated with various motifs and glazed tiles, is very elegant. The minaret releases beautiful odors in rainy weather, since fragrant plants were added into the mortar during its construction. The Church of the Virgin Mary in the city is an old church remaining from the third century A.D. In time, the niche of the church, which remains from the Byzantine Period, was restored. The number of artifacts collected from the surroundings which are exhibited at the Diyarbakir Archaeological Museum exceeds 10,000. The houses where Cahit Sitki Taranci, one of the most famous poets of the Republic of Turkey and Ziya Gokalp, the great Turkish philosopher were born, were transformed.

The folk art of Diyarbakir is very rich. The motifs and colors of the kilims, saddle-bags, socks and felts made at the foot of Karacadag are very attractive. Delilo, Halay, Cacan and Cepik folk dances, which are accompanied by a drum and zurna (double-reed instrument similar to an oboe), are very beautiful. Furthermore, jewelry making, copperworks and sericulture are developed in the city. Watermelons which can be as large as 75 kilos are the real symbol of the city.

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Turkey’s Hidden Treasure

Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape

Located on an escarpment of the Upper Tigris River Basin that is part of the so-called Fertile Crescent, the fortified city of Diyarbakır and the landscape around has been an important centre since the Hellenistic period, through the Roman, Sassanid, Byzantine, Islamic and Ottoman times to the present.

The city cherishes a long history that dated back to the Pre-Roman era. It served as a capital to many empires like Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians and the Medians. Later, it acquired the status of a large province when it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. Situated on the banks of the river Tigris, Diyarbakir is an ancient south eastern Turkish city full of lively spirit. It is renowned for its Black Basalt Walls, Arab style architecture and is a culture hub for the Kurdish population.

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