Gaziantep is one of the oldest cultural centers in Southeastern Anatolia dating back to 4000 BC and being the emerging place of the first civilizations between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean. It is situated on the ancient Silk Road. As one of the first settlements in Anatolia, it has experienced Chalcolithic, Paleolithic, Neolithic ages and Hittite, Mitani, Assyrian and Persian periods as well as Alexander the Great, the Seleucid, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic, Turkish-Islamic and Ottoman periods. Gaziantep brought the artefacts belonging to this ages and periods to present. Whence it is a city steeped in history.
Discover Gaziantep - Gaziantep Travel Guide
Welcome to Gaziantep, the magical stop of historical Silk Road, the masterly spirit of Turkey. Gaziantep is one of the great melting pots of civilization, so it isn’t surprise that this city features incredible traditions, stunning history and so much more. It is the sixth largest Turkish city, one of the oldest settlements in Anatolia, located in Southeastern Anatolian of Turkey. Gaziantep, a city whose roots go back more than ten thousands years, that reflects the power of Mesopotamia. It is not just history, it is a vibrant gastronomy. Discover Gaziantep , the magical stop of historical Silk Road, the masterly spirit of Turkey with Gaziantep Travel Guide.
The Historical Development in Gaziantep
Gaziantep has been the home of various civilizations throughout the history because of its geographical location. The city is between Mesopotamia and Mediterrenean lands, it has been housed since the pre-historic ages, the historical silk road passes through the city, it is at the intersection point of the roads. All these reasons have made the city popular in commercial, cultural and artistic fields so far.
The Indepence War and Gaziantep Defense have a very important place in its history. 6317 people in Gaziantep died while serving in the defense of Gaziantep. And, that is why the city was given the title ‘Ghazi’. It has become the symbol of fighter spirit of the people in Gaziantep. Likewise, this fighter spirit has played a dominant role in every field of life, while transferring from generation to generation.
Gaziantep, internationally famous for its handicrafts, food, baklava and pistachio, has gained a new title with the mosaics excavated from the ancient city Zeugma and the city has been started to be mentioned as ‘The City of Mosaics’.
The history of Gaziantep dates back to the B.C. 5600 and it has been accepted as one of the oldest cities in the world.
In terms of historic ages, after Calcoholitic, Paleolitic, Neolitic ages, the city has a rich history consisting Mesopotamia, Hittite, Mitani, Assyrian, Persian, Alexanderian, Hellenic, Selefcos, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic Arab and Turkish-Islamic civilizations. Calcoholitic Age, the start of using copper beside stone, is represented in the region in Sakcagozu and Coba tumulus settlements. The objects of Bronze Age, a later settlement than Calcoholitic Age, had been found in Gedikli, Tilmen tumulus and Sakcagozu excavations.
Don’t Go Without…
Visiting the largest mosaic museum in the world the Zeugma Mosaic Museum, going around at the old streets and restored historical Antep houses, and relaxing afterwards with a cup of menengic coffee, touring the Culture Route and museums, and doing some shopping, taking a boat trip on the Birecik Dam Lake and Euphrates River to see Rumkale, seeing the ruins of ancient Doliche, the Temple of Mithras and the Mausoleums of Elif, Hisar and Hasanoğlu, sampling the typical local dishes, kebabs and desserts, and rounding off your meal with some menengic (terebinth) “coffee” or some zahter (thyme) tea.
What to Buy in Gaziantep ?
Handicrafts are highly developed in Gaziantep, so in the old bazaars you can find items inlaid with mother-of-pearl, copper wares, woven kutnu fabric, ties, shawls, scarves, hand-made pure leather yemeni shoes, slippers, the hand embroidery known as “Antep Isi”, and hand-made rugs and kilims. In the old bazaars and markets you will find many irresistible goods including: dried peppers, aubergines, squash and gherkins, hot pepper flakes, kuru zahter (a blend of thyme for infusions), kahvaltılık zahter (a thyme-based spice mix for breakfast time), bulgur (cracked wheat), simit (fine cracked wheat), haspir (safflower), local black and yellow raisins, sesame helva, pestil (dried fruit rollups), triangular muska sweets, tatlı sucuk (“sweet sausages” made with nuts and grape jelly) and pistachios. Other delicious foods to take home from Gaziantep are baklava (the kuru or “dry” kind, or yas with a kind of cream and more syrup), kurabiye – cookies – plain or with pistachios, dolama, sobiyet, havuc dilimi baklava and the traditional kahke cookies.
What to Eat in Gaziantep ?
When you come to Gaziantep, if you wish you may begin your breakfast with Beyran Corbasi, a local lamb and rice soup, or perhaps a lamb’s liver kebab (cağırtlak), or a sweet katmer pastry with ground pistachio nuts and plenty of cream. Be sure to try yuvarlama, a local home-made dish that is often served to guests and always on Bayram (Eid al-Fitr) mornings, dolmat, lahmacun with lots of vegetables and garlic, and kebabs – according to the season these may be with aubergine, fresh garlic, onions, keme- a type of truffle, or loquats. We are confident you will not find such a tasty Ali Nazik Kebab anywhere other than in Gaziantep. Besides all these dishes, don’t leave without trying Baklava, Havuc Dilimi Baklava, Sobiyet, Dolama, and Antepfistikli Kadayif.
The Gastronomy City Of Gaziantep
Best of Gaziantep – Cuisine
Home of Baklava
Tourist Attractions in Gaziantep
Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum-World's Largest Mosaic Museum
Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum is world’s one of the most important museums in terms of both its building complex and its collection. Come and see one of the most greatest mosaic collections of the world.
Zeugma Mosaic Museum is the world’s largest and magnificent mosaic museum with its area of 30.000 square meters.
Besides its 1450 square meters of mosaics, 140 square meters of frescoes, 4 Roman fountains, 20 columns, 4 limestone sculptures, bronze statue of Mars, grave steles, and sarcophagi, when an additional 1000 square meters of mosaics are restored, the museum will have 2500 square meters of mosaics in total.
Zeugma Mosaic Museum has the most beautiful mosaics of the world from the ancient city of Zeugma. These mosaics are about 2000 years old and unique in design, color and perfection. These little stones witness to history. Just even this museum is a reason to come to Gaziantep.
Home of Zeugma
Zeugma… The ancient city, which used to bridge Western and Eastern civilizations. This rich metropolis was cosmopolitan ahead of its time, a cultural mosaic so to speak. The wealthiest people of Zeugma used to decorate their villas with amazing mosaics, which served as photographs then. Today, those irreplaceable art pieces are displayed at the biggest mosaic museum in the world, allowing the world to catch a glimpse of antique life.
WHAT'S ON DISPLAY?
Zeugma Mosaic Museum was structured in the form of three large units houses. This museum attracts the whole world’s attention as the number one mosaic museum of the world.
The main building of the museum complex exhibits the mosaics that have been found at the Ancient City of Zeugma.
A unique collection of Late Antiquity church mosaics originating from the vicinity of Gaziantep is on display at the second building.
The third building is the section comprising the executive offices and conference rooms.
MOST FAMOUS PIECES
The most famous piece in the museum is undoubtedly Gypsy Girl mosaic. The other famous pieces; Fertility Goddess Demeter, Akratos, Okeanos, Euphrates, Tethys, Perseus-Andromeda, Herakles, Helios, Mars Statue, Dionysos, Telete, Skyrtos, Ariadne, Eros, Psykhe, Metiochus, Parthenope.