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Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park established in 1973 and included in the UN List of National Parks and Protected Areas, covers 33.000 hectares (330 km2) at the southern end of the Gallipoli Peninsula on the European side of the Dardanelles (Canakkale Straight).The Gallipoli peninsula is in modern-day Turkey but in 1915 it was part of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans were fighting alongside Germany. Britain and its allies wanted to knock them out of the war. The plan was to land forces at Gallipoli, move inland and take the capital Constantinople (now Istanbul). The plan did not work.

Travel to Gallipoli Peninsula-Traveller's Guide to Gallipoli

Traveller’s Guide to Gallipoli, help you to learn more about the Gallipoli (Gelibolu) Peninsula BattlefieldsWhy did the Anzacs land at Gallipoli? What was the plan? For a detailed quick guide to frequently asked questions and general information please click here. If you prefer, you can visit the landmarks and historic sites of Gallipoli on a Full-Day Tour From Istanbul.

Gallipoli Peninsula

For the people of modern Turkey the Battle of Canakkale, as they call the Turkish struggle to retain control of the Gallipoli peninsula and the Straits of the Dardanelles, the Canakkale Bogazi, in 1915, was one of the defining moments in their history. Two powerful European powers, Britain and France, tried to wrest that control from Turkey. They had even promised, if successful in their efforts to defeat Turkey, to give the capital, Constantinople, and the Straits of the Bosphorus to the Russian Empire. The failure of the British and French campaign, and the many stories of the resistance of the Turks, is remembered and honoured by dozens of memorials and historic sites on Gallipoli and along the Asiatic shore of the Dardanelles.

Australian visitors, not surprisingly, spend most of their time at Gallipoli at the cemeteries and memorials of Anzac. However, a day or two given to visiting some of the Turkish monuments and memorials in the area will provide an insight into the Turkish perspective on an event which has played such a major role in Australia’s understanding of itself. At these sites are powerful stories of courage, determination and sacrifice. Such places are a reminder that these qualities were not only to be found on the Allied side of the lines but were, and remain, a common inheritance of all peoples who have been involved in the tragedy of war. This bond between the ordinary soldiers and sailors who fought at Gallipoli was well expressed by the President of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk:

There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us
Where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.

[‘Johnny’ – name signifying an ordinary British/Australian/New Zealand soldier: ‘Mehmet’ – similarly, a symbolic name for an ordinary Turkish soldier.]

The Turkish memorials and monuments featured in this gallery are only a small sample of those to be seen at Gallipoli and on the Asiatic shore. For a fuller description see Phil Taylor and Pam Cupper, Gallipoli, A Battlefield Guide or Major and Mrs Holt, Battlefield Guide, Gallipoli.

When World War I broke out in Europe in early August 1914, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) initially remained neutral, unable to commit itself fully to either the Central Powers (Germany and Austro-Hungary) or the Allies (Britain, France and Russia). However, on 27 September 1914, Turkey closed the Straits of the Dardanelles (Canakkale Bogazi) to British, French and Russian shipping and the situation gradually drifted towards war. On 29 October, German warships, ostensibly under Turkish control, bombarded Russian Black Sea ports. Turkey now found itself drawn inexorably into the German sphere of influence, and on 5 November 1914 Britain and France officially declared war on the Ottoman Empire.

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About Gallipoli

Gallipoli… The land of tragic death and epic birth. On the one hand, the tombs of thousands of Johnnies and Mehmets. On the other, the miraculous womb, from which three independent states, mutual admiration and eternal friendship emerged. On the 100th anniversary of the famous battle, let’s remember the heroes on both sides.

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NZ National Anthem, Anzac Dawn Service in Gallipoli

The Anzac Day ceremony of 25 April is rich in tradition and ritual. It is a form of military funeral and follows a particular pattern. The day’s ceremonies have two major parts: one at dawn and another, more public event, later in the morning.

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