Sitting in the Northeast, the Black sea region of Turkey is vastly different from other places in the country. With vibrant, fertile landscapes and a strong adherence to cultural mountain life, visitors are often delighted to have experienced this face of Turkey that is rarely featured in international travel guides.
Some Sights in Black Sea Region of Turkey to Your Discovery
Sumela Monastery Trabzon
The Greek Orthodox Monastery of the Virgin Mary, better known as Sumela Monastery, 46km south of Trabzon, is one of the historical highlights of the Black Sea coast. The monastery was founded in the 4th century AD and abandoned in 1923 after the creation of the Turkish Republic and the so-called exchange of populations. The highlight of the complex is the main church, with damaged but stunningly coloured frescoes both inside and out.
Trabzon Hagia Sophia Museum
Built under the Trebizond Empire in the 13th century, the Hagia Sophia Church was later converted into a mosque. Restored in the 19th century, Ayasofya was turned into a museum in 1964. With its architecture and its elegant works of art, such as the frescoes, floors and domes, Ayasofya Museum is looking forward to hosting its visitors amidst the attractive nature of the Black Sea region.
A mansion built by prominent banker Kostaki Theophylaktos in the early 1900s is now the museum of Trabzon history. Exhibits cover Trabzon’s archeological and ethnographic history, as well as that of the mansion itself—a fine example of upper-class Ottoman Black Sea domestic architecture.
Being one of the two restorated artifacts in the city center, The House renowned as the “Yellow House” was built at the end of the 19th century. As of 1998, it serves as a museum. It has two normal floors in addition to the basement. The basement is currently used as an exhibition hall. 76 archeological artifacts, 594 coins, 1129 ethnographic artifacts totaling 1799 artifacts are being displayed in the museum.
Trabzon Ataturk Mansion
The mansion, which was built by a rich Greek banker named Konstantinos Kappagianidis, is an example of 19th century European architecture. Ataturk stayed in this house when he visited Trabzon in 1930 and in 1937, was bought by Trabzon Municipality in 1964 after he died in 1938 in Dolmabahce Palace, Istanbul. The mansion has been exhibited as a museum since 1964. It is 7 kilometers from downtown and is located in Soguksu.
Modern Samsun , known as Amisos by Greeks and Byzantines, Missos by Romans, Simisso by Genoese and then Samsun by Seljuk Turks and Ottoman Turks lies between the deltas of the Kizilirmak (ancient Halys) and Yesilirmak (ancient Iris) rivers . It is the largest city and the main port for trade of the middle Black Sea coast in Turkey. Amisos lies within the region referred to by Greeks as the Pontos -the northeast portion of Turkey adjacent the Black Sea.
Sinop Fortress Prison
Sinop Fortress Prison, was a state prison situated in the inside of the Sinop Fortress in Sinop. As one of the oldest prisons of Turkey, it was established in 1887 within the inner fortress of the centuries-old fortification located on the northwestern part of Cape Sinop. The prison was closed down in 1997 and the inmates were transferred to a modern prison newly built in Sinop.
The Castle Of Amasra was built during the Roman period.The walls of the castle were built by the Byzantines.The front walls and the gates were built by the Genoese in the 14 th and 15 th centuries to guarantee the defence.The city walls sorround the Boztepe and Zindan districts which together form two island masses.
Sinop Archaeological Museum
One of the oldest active museums of our country was started in 1921 in Sinop. The works, which were first protected in Mekteb – i İdadi, and the findings obtained from different parts of the city by time, were collected in The Süleyman Müinüddin Pervane Madrasa in 1932 and the core of a museum was formed.
Rize Castle comprises a citadel and a down castle section. The down castle has been completely disappeared due to the dense habitation, though some wall parts on the western side has reached today. The citadel was established on a natural 150-meter elevation. Some parts of the down castle walls are believed to be built in the period of Alexios II, the Trabzon Emperor. It was renovated in the Ottoman period.
Rize Tea Garden
Rize is capital of Turkey’s tea-growing region and every fan of a hot brew should make a stop here. The town itself is a thoroughly modern affair, surrounded by lush green tea plantations. Take a trip to the Tea Garden above town where you can sip your tea while admiring great views across the rolling hills. As well as being home to a huge range of tea plants, the garden has a collection of sub-tropical flora.
Unye Castle was built on 200 meters high hill on the left side and 7th kilometer of Ünye-Niksar road. According to geologists, the castle was built on the craters of a passive volcano that was active in the Old Ages. The initial construction date of the castle dates back to 200-250 B.C. Mithridates II of Pontus, who was of Persian origin, was the first person to have this castle built on craters.