The Southeastern Anatolia Region covers 10 percent of the lands in Turkey with a surface area of 75,000 km2. It is adjacent to the Eastern Anatolia and the Mediterranean Regions. It also has borders with Syria and Iraq. As in the other regions, the borders of the provinces do not coincide with the regional border. Sanliurfa and Mardin Provinces, with the exception of some very small sections, are within the region. Some sections of the other provinces are either in the Eastern Anatolia or Mediterranean Regions.
The Southeastern Anatolian Region has a very rich history and cultural heritage, as can be seen in its magnificent historical sites
Less than 100,000 square kilometres in size, Southeastern Anatolia is the smallest region in Turkey. However, it has many notable natural features—valleys and plateaus lying along the Taurus mountains, vast inland plains that have been developed into farming lands. It also has borders with Syria and Iraq. The region has a continental climate of long, dry summers and brief, cold winters.
Southeastern Anatolia is generally still agricultural, though the communities use modern methods and equipment in farming and stock breeding. Most farmers grow wheat, barley, lentil, tobacco, cotton, and pistachio nuts. Since Southeastern Anatolia is an important resource for petroleum and crude oil, many also work in oil refineries and filling facilities.
In general, Southeastern Anatolia has a unique regional atmosphere. Instead of beaches, it has factories and mills that produce textiles, metal goods, food, and agricultural equipment. Gaziantep, the region’s largest city, is one of the country’s most important manufacturing and industrial centres.
Turkey’s Southeastern Anatolia region has 8 cities for you to explore.
They are Adiyaman, Batman,Diyarbakir, Gaziantep,Kilis,Mardin, Sanliurfa and Siirt.
Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape
Located on an escarpment of the Upper Tigris River Basin that is part of the so-called Fertile Crescent, the fortified city of Diyarbakır and the landscape around has been an important centre since the Hellenistic period, through the Roman, Sassanid, Byzantine, Islamic and Ottoman times to the present.
The mausoleum of Antiochus I (69–34 B.C.), who reigned over Commagene, a kingdom founded north of Syria and the Euphrates after the breakup of Alexander’s empire, is one of the most ambitious constructions of the Hellenistic period.